Nine years have passed since the ethnic conflict ended in Sri Lanka. The hope that Sri Lankan refugees would return to the island has been belied. This book highlights the dilemma faced by the Sri Lankan Tamil refugees in the context of the twists and turns in Indo-Sri Lanka relations. The global refugee phenomenon and the Indian experience, the movement of Sri Lankan refugees to different parts of the world, the rise and fall of the Tamil Tigers and the competitive nature of Sinhala politics which stands in the way of ethnic reconciliation are analysed in detail. The peculiar problems faced by refugees of Indian origin are highlighted. The Author makes a plea for the enactment of a National Refugee Law, which should combine the humanitarian concerns of the refugees and security interests of the Indian State.